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2.3 Adjust subtitles
Subtitle Workshop can synchronize subtitles to a video by four methods. Whatever method you want to use, the first thing you have to do is load the subtitle file you are going to adjust, and for methods 1, 2 y 4 you need to load the video file you want to take as a reference.
2.2.1 Method 1: simple adjust, first and last dialogs
This method offers a lot of accuracy, and is recommended in most cases. After you loaded the subtitle file and video, do this:
Play the video until you reach the first spoken dialog or the first place that should be subtitled in the movie, and when you hear/read it, take note the time (you will need it later).
Seek to the near end of the video and when you hear/read the last spoken dialog or the last place that should be subtitled, take note the time, too.
You can additionally take this two time values from an external video player instead of using Subtitle Worksop's video preview.
After you have followed this steps, click the "Edit/Timings/Adjust subtitles..." or the [Ctrl]+[B] keys. Switch to "Simple" tab. In "First spoken line" write the first time, and in "Last spoken line" write the last time. Then press Adjust! button.
2.2.2 Method 2: synchronize using two points
This method will work very well in most cases. It works by taking two points of the subtitle file and two points of the video, and calculate the times using a linear algorithm. The first pair of points will be called "First sync points" and the last pair of points will be called "Last sync points". Each pair of points consist in one point in the subtitle and one point in the video, the point in the subtitle has the wrong times and the point of the video has the right times. After selecting the first sync points and last sync points Subtitle Workshop calculates the rest of the times appropriately. The closer first sync points are to the beginning and last sync points are to the end, the most accuracy you get. Note: if the point of the subtitle selected in the first sync points corresponds to the first subtitle, and the point of the subtitle selected in the last sync points corresponds to the last subtitle, then the first formula (first and last dialogs) will be used.
After understanding this basics you have to do this:
First of all, select the subtitle you want to mark as first point. The first point in the subtitle will always be the selected subtitle's initial time.
Play the video until you find the right time for that subtitle (this will be the first point in the video), when you do, click the "Mark as first sync point" button or press the [Ctrl]+ keys.
Now select the subtitle you want to mark as last sync point. The last sync point will be the selected subtitle's initial time.
Play the video until you find the right time for that subtitle (this will be the last point in the video), when you do, click the "Mark as last sync point" button or press the [Ctrl]+ keys.
After doing this you will get a confirmation message, click "Yes" and the subtitle will be instantly synchronized.
2.2.3 Method 3: adjust to synchronized subtitles
Useful if you have desynchronized subtitles in one language and want to quickly adjust them to an already adjusted subtitle file in another language. This method will work even if both files have a different number of subtitles, the only requirement for proper adjustment is that first and last subtitles in both files correspond - that is, mean the same. This method is extremely easy: you just have to click the "Timings/Adjust/Adjust to synchronized subtitles" menu or press the [Shift]+[Ctrl]+[B] keys, and load the synchronized file. Note: this method is NOT the same as the "read times from file" feature.
2.2.4 Method 4: advanced subtitle adjust
Use this if the traditional two points adjust fails. This unique feature makes possible to adjust subtitles in the worst cases, when desynchronization is not constant, or is different in different parts of the subtitle. This system lets you select multiple subtitle/video points so that you can synchronize the subtitle by "parts". The maximum number of points you can select is the number of subtitles there are.
For the best performance to be achieved you first have to load the subtitle file and then load the corresponding video. In the video preview controls, you will notice that last button is "Add subtitle/video synchronization point". You will need this button later. This are the steps yous should follow now:
First of all, select the subtitle you want to mark as point. The point will always be the selected subtitle's initial time. This subtitle can be any subtitle in the file.
Play the video until you find the right time for that subtitle, when you do, click the "Add subtitle/video synchronization point" button or press the [Ctrl]+[Alt]+[P] keys. The Adjust subtitles window will show, and advanced mode will be set by default. This window is "non-modal", that means, you can still use the main Subtitle Workshop interface while it is opened.
You need to repeat the two steps above for each point you want to add. You can additionally use the "Add" button to enter a time manually, or the "Add from media" button to add points directly from the Adjust subtitles window (works the same way as the button in the video preview control).
A very important thing you must know is the use of the "If time is outside the points scope" option. I will try to describe the three possibilities:
Extrapolate. Subtitle Workshop will use mathematical routines to calculate the times for every subtitle in the file even if it is outside the scope of points. Using this you can have behaviours like the one you would obtain using "synchronize using two points", but with more points.
Return original time (no changes). If a time is outside the points range and you want to calculate the new time, Subtitle Workshop will return the original time so no changes will be made. This is useful for eg. if you only want to adjust subtitles 100-200 and leave all other subtitles like they are.
Return displacement of neighbour point. If desired time is before first sync point, then it will calculate the new time using the displacement of the first sync point. If desired time is after last sync point, then it will calculate the new time using the displacement of the last sync point. Useful sometimes.
When you are done configuring all the settings, click the Adjust! button.
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